For a glazed through body porcelain tile, pigments are added to the mixture before glazing. That is to guarantee the perfect matches of colour for the body of tile with the glaze surface. The advantage of this is if the glaze surface is chipped or worn out, the colour of the body beneath closely resembles the colour of the glazed surface, hence the damage is unnoticeable. Identical to glazed porcelain, the hardness of glaze is tested using an index from the Porcelain Enamel Institute with the rating scale from 0 – 5 classification.
All tiles are classified under PEI rating, although it is more common with floor tiles. The 5-scale rating is as follows:
• PEI 0 - No foot traffic (wall tile only)
• PEI 1 - Very light traffic (e.g. bathroom)
• PEI 2 - Light traffic (e.g. bathroom and bedroom)
• PEI 3 - Light to moderate traffic (most domestic floors; no heavy appliances/traffic)
• PEI 4 - Moderate to heavy traffic (e.g. door entry, kitchen, balcony, some commercial)
• PEI 5 - Heavy traffic (all domestic/commercial uses with heavy abrasion/footfall)
• Today, most ceramic floor tiles carry a PEI rating from 3 to 4, with porcelain tiles ranging from PEI 3 to 5.
|Ceramic Tiles||Porcelain Tiles|
|Natural Properties||Mixtures of red and white clay. Less refined and not purified.||Denser and finer clay. More refined and purified.|
|Colour||Baked on top only.||Runs through the whole tile, from top to bottom.|
• Scratch Resistant
• Stains Resistant
Gets scratched easily
Absorbs moisture and stains stay easily.
Softer body. Easier to cut.
Suitable for very light to moderate traffic.
|More robust and durable
Denser, less likely to absorb moisture and stains resistant.
Hard Body. Requires proper equipment and professional to cut.
Suitable for light to the heaviest traffic.
|Uses||Walls.||Versatile; Can be used for walls and floors, indoors and outdoors.|
|Maintenance||Requires more care and time to maintain.||Easily cleaned with soap and water.|
|Maintenance||Easy to maintain:
Least time consuming and lowest maintenance cost
|Needs sealing, waxing, and ultimately refinishing. More time consuming and higher maintenance cost.||Requires constant vacuum and shampoo cleaning. Extra time consuming and higher maintenance cost.|
|Durability||Lasts for lifetime after proper installation||Last for years||Least durable. Lasts up to 10 years.|
|Practicality||Indoor and outdoor from light to very heavy traffic
Dry and wet areas
From strong to minimal sunlight and high to low temperature areas
|Indoor and outdoor
Dry area only
Light sunlight and moderate temperature only.
Dry area only
Minimal sunlight and low temperature only
Niro Ceramic Group has been around for more than 30 years. Marketed under the brand name of Niro Granite, its first manufacturing plant was established in 1979 in Switzerland to announce the presence of porcelain tiles to the world. Ever since then, varieties of tiles were exported across the globe and the rapid growth in Asia markets eventually led to the success of Niro Ceramic Malaysia’s establishment in 1988 and Niro Ceramic Indonesia in 1995.
Attribute to the constant market demand and expansion of our own capacity, Niro Ceramic Group established its operation in Foshan, China in 2001 as an outsourcing operation, where contractors and factories were carefully selected to produce as according to our designs and specifications. A complete organization was established in China to ensure the same stringent quality product and efficiency of customer service is achieved.
The continuous investment and adaptation to meet customers’ demands have caused yet another abundant expansion of Niro Ceramic Group’s network to Vietnam which led to the establishment of Niro Ceramic Vietnam in 2010. In that same year, Niro Ceramic Group also started its Distribution Center and Showroom in Spain. In 2013, one of the notable tile brands in Spain became part of the group, Zirconio S.A. was acquired by Niro Ceramic Group. Having a diverse network across the globe enabled Niro Ceramic Group into being the leading supplier that is backed with large stock keeping ensuring prompt deliveries with great credibility and guaranteeing customer satisfaction.
Presenting the best collection of products in terms of design and technical qualities, Niro Granite succeeded in preserving the “Swiss-Quality” by ensuring every piece of its product lives up to the Swiss heritage. The wide range of choices and trendy product development has resulted Niro Granite in being preferred by leading architects and interior designers across the globe. Backed by versatile sourcing and efficient production with innovative marketing and commitment of effort by its employees, it is Niro Ceramic Group’s assets and weapons for future achievement.
In addition, Niro Granite has been awarded by many prestigious organizations which resulted in being commonly used for most high-end commercial and residential development. In the beginning of 2013, Niro Granite was awarded with the Green Label Certificate by Singapore Green Labelling Scheme and up till today, all products are tested in accordance to the International European Standards: ISO9001 and EN1441: 2006. The assurance of Niro Granite’s quality is exceptional with its technical specifications being twice as stringent as compared to the International EN ISO Standards marking Niro Ceramic Group in being one of a few in the industries to be truly reputable and international.
There is nothing as non-slippery tiles. It is important to choose the right floor tiles for your projects, wet areas such as the shower or wet kitchen requires a higher degree of slip resistance than a dry area.
The slip resistance is usually measured using the sliding method on an inclined surface (oil-wet ramp), a method derived from the German Institute for Standardization (DIN 51130). DIN classifies slippage into five groups – R9 to R13 – based on its level of inclination, measured in degrees. The higher the R-rating is, the higher its slip resistance. For tiles that are smooth or polished in surface, a lower rating will be recorded and for tiles that are rough in surface, the rating will be higher. Do not fret on the technicality as Niro Granite’s e-shop has categorized our tiles according to its best-used application – Living Room, Dining Area, Bathroom, Kitchen and Outdoors.
Because of its exceptional properties, porcelain tiles have become the flooring of recent years. It is the most durable of the hard body tiles, 30% harder than granite. Porcelain tiles were previously used in smaller mosaics residentially, while larger tiles were manufactured for mostly commercial use. Today, with new methods of manufacturing, beautiful new styles and more competitive pricing, they are a hot trend. When installed properly, they should last forever. Polished porcelains are virtually impossible to scratch, functional and beautiful, a sure-fire hit for any home improvement project. Porcelain tiles can be used on any floor or wall of your area depending on your needs and creativity.
The bathroom is the one place that just about anything the e-shop has can be used. The only limitations are basically the upkeep you want to put in, and slip resistance on the floors of your bathroom and shower. Now, although porcelain tile is basically maintenance free, you do not want to use something with a texture to it that will catch all sorts of dirt in the shower, making it more difficult to keep clean. At the same time, you do not want to use a polished tile for the shower floor either. These both CAN be used, but again, it comes down to upkeep for textured wall tile, and doing something to rectify the slippery floor. For safety in wet areas or in flooring applications where accessibility is a concern, use a tile that is higher in slip resistance or R-rating. The kitchen is another area where you can apply porcelain tiles liberally – backsplash, counter top and flooring are places where the aesthetics of Niro Granite’s porcelain tiles lustre. In Asia, the wet kitchen is a necessity; here is where polished tiles can be used for the walls and a slightly structured surface for the floor. The polished surface will make clean-up of oil and sauce splashes a breeze while the slightly structured flooring will provide a non-slip surface should you have accidental water or oil spill.
The areas of usage for porcelain tiles are endless. However, our advice is to always check with us to confirm your intended use of a tile.
Sizes, surfaces and colours
In line with Niro Granite’s everlasting and minimalist concept, Niro Granite’s tiles are based on neutral and earthy tone of White, Beige, Brown, Grey and Black.
Niro Granite porcelain tiles are available in sizes of 300x600mm and 600x600mm for most series. Our ‘wood’ series consists of 150x600mm and 150x900mm varieties. Some of our latest products are also available in 600x1200mm and 600x900mm sizes.
Niro Granite tiles are produced in various surfaces – Polished, Honed, Lappato, Matt/Unpolished and Structured/Textured. Polished
A full polished finish gives the interior a vibrant and rich effect. The finish is highly reflective and deepens the colour of tile and adds elegance to any installation.
The honed finish is a soft and opaque finish which is delicate to touch and feel. This tile finish gives a character and space to every room setting.
The lappato finish is achieved through a mechanical process whereby the surface is polished with an abrasive wheel to softly reflect a sheer to give an elegant finish for an interior space.
The matt/unpolished finish gives a beauty of natural soft look. The elegance of this finish is matched by its low maintenance and durability.
Design from natural stone, slabs and slate, the structured and textured give slip resistance for any use or application. Durable and low maintenance, it’s brings in everlasting sophistication to any living space.
It is the characteristic for porcelain tiles to have a variety of shade and tonalities. Each Niro Granite series is assigned a colour shade variation indicator to ease your selection prior to making your purchase.
The shade and tonalities indicators are:
V1 – UNIFORM from tile to tile:
The range of colours and tones within the same shade is relatively uniform from tile to tile. When installed, this tile shade provides a uniform appearance and gives your floors and walls an even conformity.
V2 – SLIGHTLY noticeable from tile to tile:
The range of colours and tones within the same shade is slightly noticeable from tile to tile. When installed, there are clearly distinguishable differences in design or pattern with similar or slight change in colour tones that adds a refined modulation to floors and walls.
V3 – MODERATELY noticeable from tile to tile:
The range of colours and tones within the same shade is moderately noticeable from tile to tile. When installed, there are clearly distinguishable differences in design or pattern in the same colour range that highlights lustrous texture variations.
V4 – DISTINCTLY noticeable from tile to tile:
The range of colours and tones within the same shade is distinctly different from tile to tile. When installed, random colours are visible from tile to tile that creates customized floors which allow for unique and rich statements to emerge. Do note that:
1. On delivery prior to laying the tiles, check the tiles in all cartons to ensure tiles are of the same colour
2. Ensure that each carton box has the same code number. Niro Granite’s will endeavour to ensure the tiles you purchase are from the same batch and minimize shade variation.
When it comes to tile flooring, imagination and creativity is the only limitation of installing tile. It can adapt in any place with any pattern. It can be more than just “square”. Choosing the perfect layout pattern for your floor or wall tiling can be one of the hardest yet most interesting part of the project. You need to get the right fit for the size of tile you are using and the look that complements your room space.
Floor tiles bring an attractive, easy-to-maintain surface to floors in rooms both large and small. Tiles are known to define the texture of a space, emphasizing the cool crispness or soft warmth of your overall décor. The wide variety of styles and sizes available can make choosing the right tile a concern, especially if your goal is to make your room look larger.
Tiles are now manufactured in many sizes – 300x600mm and 600x600mm are the most common nowadays. Professionals agree that large format tiles convey a sense of greater space even in small rooms. The lesser interruption of the flooring surface with grout lines conveys a sense of larger space. Small tiles and increased grout lines can create a floor that looks busy or elaborate. To create an increased visual expanse of the floor, use grouting of the same or nearly the same colour as the tile.
Mixing square and rectangular tiles in the same colour and texture provides subtle visual variety without drastically affecting the sense of space. Constructing a seemingly random pattern of various tile sizes takes some skill but will expand visual space more effectively than creating borders or edgings. You may wish to seek the help of Niro Granite’s in-house designer in mixing sizes, so that all tiles are of the same thickness or calibre.
One of the most effective strategies for using large tiles in small spaces is to lay tile diagonally. A diamond pattern, rather than a checkerboard, prevents the viewer from measuring space in tiles down vs. tiles across. The only limit to diagonal patterns is a room with many alcoves, doorways or other interruptions of wall space. A room with frequently interrupted wall space presents many challenges to laying tile diagonally. It may also impose limitations on using very large tiles. A floor with many partial or cut-down tiles looks constricted rather than spacious.
There are many exciting layout patterns to choose from – and so many ways to use them to your space’s best advantage. When laying multiple sized tiles, it is crucial that you order the right quantities of each size. Look out for our layout pattern guide. It will provide you inspirations and ideas to alter the appearance or scale of your space and the percentages needed for purchasing.
Layout pattern guide
Tile joint is the allocation of space between tiles is necessary to relief tile installation of any local stresses. It is recommended to leave a tile joint of 3–5mm. However, for brick-laying for large format tiles, we recommend a grout joint of 5–6mm due to higher latent tension.
Grout is the material visible between tiles. It is used to fill the tile joint between tiles and to support them. Grout is an important part of any finished tiling work. Grouting is done using cement-based products or epoxy-based resins. There are basically two types of cement-based grout: sanded and un-sanded.
|Types||Stains||Types of Cleaning Product Recommended|
|Alkaline base detergent|
|Oil & Grease||Vegetables
|Alkaline base detergent|
|Scrap off, then use solvent turpentine follow by alkaline base detergent|
|Alkaline base detergent|
|Paint (oil based)||Turpentine or thinner|
|Ink||Solvent such as turpentine|
|Mortar||Acidic base detergent|
|Rust stain||Diluted hydrochloride acid or acidic base detergent|
|Methylene blue||Alkaline base detergent|
|Crayon||Scrape off then use turpentine follow by alkaline base detergent|
|Tile Grout||Cement||Diluted hydrochloride acid|
|Latex or polymer||Solvent such as turpentine or thinner|
|Epoxy||Scraper to scrape it off|